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Global Targets / Featured Stories

Water and Energy nexus

Importance of water … I'm dying of thirst!

  • Water is our body lubricant.
  • Water controls body temperature.
  • Water detoxifies the body.
  • Water is carrier of nutrients in our body.
eyes 00% water heart 00% water blood 00% water kidneys 00% water brain 00% water lungs 00% water muscles 00% water

Access to drinking water … an increasing demand.

Lack of access to clean water is a huge problem


Living without reliable access to drinkable water


hours per year is spent travelling for water in Africa


of the world population lives in the driest half of the planet

Without clean water people are vulnerable
to death and disease


School days are lost every year due to diarrhea


of diarrhea diseases are preventable through access to clean water

6 to 8

people die annually from the consequences of water-related diseases

Water is not just for drinking

Agriculture uses approximately 70% of the world’s freshwater supply.

Coal power plants consume more than 500 billion L of fresh water per day in the United States alone.

Energy for water …. Water for Energy

  • Fuel Production
  • Extraction and Refining
  • Hydropower
  • Thermo-electric cooling
  • Waste Water Treatment
  • Ground and Surface Water Treatment
  • Pumping and Transportation
  • Hydropower

Membrane-based processes ... a critical role at the water-energy nexus

Reverse Osmosis

A reverse osmosis membrane is a filter that allows water molecules to pass whilst preventing majority of dissolved salts, organics, bacteria and pyrogens to go through.

Seawater: Source of Energy

A great quantity of renewable energy can be potentially generated when waters of different salinities are mixed together.

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